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[腫瘤放射治療] - 腫瘤放射治療健康教育處方
來源: 新疆人民醫院網時間: 2015/10/13 12:15:23瀏覽: 0
聲明:本文為新疆維吾爾自治區人民醫院專家收集、整理、撰寫,歸屬新疆人民醫院網原創內容,轉載請注明來源。否則將追究一切相關侵權行為。

放射治療(簡稱放療)是用放射線治療疾病的手段,主要治療惡性腫瘤,同時也治療一部分良性腫瘤。放射線消滅腫瘤有兩種方式,可以讓癌細胞完全壞死,或是讓癌細胞凋亡。

1基本知識

网上彩票开户 FANGSHEZHILIAOSHILIYONGGEZHONGFANGSHEXIAN( RUX XIAN、γ XIAN、DIANZIXIANDENG)ZHILIAOZHONGLIUDEYIZHONGJUBUZHILIAOSHOUDUAN。ZHEXIENENGCHANSHENGFANGSHEXIANDEWUZHIHUOSHESHIBAOKUOFANGSHEXINGTONGWEISU(RU60 GU、192YI、137SEDENGKECHANSHENGγXIAN,252 KAIKECHANSHENGZHONGZISHU)、X XIANJIBAOKUOQIANBU、SHENBUX XIANJI(KECHANSHENGX XIAN)、JIASUQI(KECHANSHENGX XIAN、DIANZISHU、ZHIZISHU、ZHONGZISHU、FUπJIEZISHU,YIJIQITAZHONGLIZISHU)DENG。FANGSHEZHILIAOYIJINGLILEYIGEDUOSHIJIDEFAZHANLISHI,MUQIANYICHENGWEIZHONGLIUZHILIAODEZUIZHONGYAOSHOUDUANZHIYI。

FANGSHEZHILIAOKEYONGYUSUOYOUDEZHONGLIUZHILIAO,DUIXUDUOZHONGLIUHUANZHEERYAN,FANGSHEZHILIAOSHIWEIYIBIXUYONGDEZHILIAOFANGFA。YOUXIEZAOQIZHONGLIUDANYONGFANGLIAOZHIYULVHENGAO,RUZAOQISHIGUANAI、GONGJINGAI、SHENGDAIAI、HUOQIJINLINBALIU、PIFUAIDENG。ZAOQISHIGUANAI、QIANLIEXIANAI、SHEAIDENG 5 NIANSHENGCUNLVDOUYUSHOUSHUXIANGSI。YIBANLAIYUANJIUZHENDEZHONGLIUHUANZHEZHONG,70%YISHANGSHUZHONGWANQIHUANZHE,DUOSHUBINGRENBUNENGSHOUSHU,HUOQIECHUKUNNAN,HUOYOUSHOUSHUJINJI,HUOBUYUANSHOUSHUZHE,DUOSHUXUXINGFANGSHEZHILIAO。JINNIANLAI,CAIYONGLITIDINGXIANGTIBUFANGLIAO,HUODIAOQIANGBUNENGSHOUSHUZHILIAODEZAOQIFEIXIAOXIBAOFEIAI、GANAI、YIXIANAIJIZHUANYIAIDENGHUODEYUWAIKESHOUSHUXIANGSIDEJIEGUO,WEIZHILIAOBUNENGSHOUSHUDEZAOQIZHONGLIUHUANZHEKAIPILEXINTUJING。

放射治療在腫瘤綜合治療中亦占有重要的地位,如與外科配合的術前、術中和術后放療;與化療配合的化療前、化療中及化療后放療;還有放療與手術和化療三者配合的綜合治療。總之放射治療是大多數惡性腫瘤患者不可或缺的重要治療手段。

 

2治療方案

 
放療的主要方式

1、TINEIZHAOSHE  TINEIZHAOSHEYOUCHENGWEIJINJULIFANGSHEZHILIAO。ZHEZHONGZHILIAOJISHUBAGAOQIANGDUDEWEIXINGFANGSHEYUANSONGRURENTIQIANGNEIHUOPEIHESHOUSHUCHARUZHONGLIUZUZHINEI,JINXINGJINJULIZHAOSHE,CONGERYOUXIAODISHASHANGZHONGLIUZUZHI。ZHILIAOJISHUSHEJIQIANGGUAN、ZUZHIJIANHESHUZHONG、FUTIEDENGDUOZHONGSHIZHIFANGSHI。TAKESHIDALIANGWUFASHOUSHUZHILIAO、WAIZHAOSHEYOUNANYIKONGZHIHUOFUFADEBINGRENHUODEZAICIZHILIAODEJIHUI,BINGYOUQUEDINGDELIAOXIAO。TONGSHICIZHAOSHESHIZHENGCHANGZUZHIMIANSHOUGUOLIANGZHAOSHE,BIMIANYANZHONGBINGFAZHENG。GUOQU,HOUZHUANGJISHUJINNENGYONGYUFUKEZHONGLIUZHILIAO,ZUIXINYIDAIHOUZHUANGZHILIAOJIYIBAZHEZHONGJISHUKUODAYINGYONGDAOBIYAN、SHIGUAN、ZHIQIGUAN、ZHICHANG、BANGGUANG、RUXIAN、YIXIAN、NAODENGZHONGLIU。ZHEZHONGXINJISHUYUQITAZHILIAOFANGFAPEIHE,ZHUBUXINGCHENGLEHENYOUFAZHANQIANTUDEZONGHEZHILIAOSHOUDUAN,ZAIYINGYONGZHONGJUNQUDELEMINGXIANDEXIAOGUO。

2、體外照射  體外照射又稱為遠距離放射治療。這種技術利用高能射線或粒子穿透人體來殺滅腫瘤細胞,也稱為普通外照射。它是利用普通模擬機確定腫瘤體積,決定照射野的輪廓及照射的靶體積,充分利用治療的輔助材料,使靶區得到足夠的劑量,同時保護周圍正常組織。這些輔助材料包括防護擋塊、膜板、面罩、固定器材、補償器等。必須要用標準的擺位和固定設備,這樣才能保證治療的精確。

 

3預防措施

  
放療期間的注意事項

网上彩票开户1、HELIYINSHI  YINSHIJINLIANGYIQINGDAN、YIXIAOHUA、YIXISHOUWEIZHU,BIMIANSHIYONGLENGYING、XINLA、YOUNI、GAOZHIFANG、GAORELIANGDESHIWU,YIMIANZENGJIAWEICHANGDAOFUDANHOUCHUXIANEXING、OUTU、SHIYUBUZHEN、FUBUDENGBUSHI,BIMIANHUANZHEWUFACHENGSHOUZHEXIEBUSHIERFANGQIZHILIAO,ZENGJIAZHILIAONANDU。

2、DIAOZHENGSHENGHUOXIGUAN  MEICIFANGLIAOHOUWOCHUANGBANXIAOSHI,YIJIANQINGFANGLIAOCHUXIANDEFANYING;JIANSHAOWAICHU,YIFANGGANMAOHOUFASHENGGANRAN,WEIJISHENGMINGANQUAN;YAOZHUYIDUOHESHUI;ZHUYIBAOHUPIFU,BUYAOYONGFEIZAO、MUYUYECAXIZHAOSHEBUWEI,ZAIBEIZHAOSHEDEPIFUSHANGYEBUYAOTUYAOYOUDENG;YAOZHUYIBAOCHIPIFUQINGJIE、GANZAO,ZHUZHUANGKUANSONG,BIMIANJIAZHONGPIFUBUSHI。RUGUOPIFUCHUXIANPOSUN、SAOYANGSHI,YAOJISHIGAOZHIYIHURENYUAN,BINGANYIHURENYUANDEZHUFUYONGYAO。

3、調整心態  患者心態不穩,消極情緒增多,會導致患者的免疫力下降,不利于病情的恢復,甚至加重病情增加治療難度,因此在放療期間要注意調整心態。

 

聲明:在新疆人民醫院網 - 健康處方平臺中所有關于疾病的介紹、治療方案及相關建議均不能代替執業醫師的面對面診斷和依據,請謹慎參閱。如想提出意見、建議,請到[監督舉報]。
添加時間:2015/10/13 12:15:23點擊次數:0
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